Local Nature Recovery Strategies (LNRSs) have been introduced by the Environment Act 2021. This new mandatory England-wide system of spatial strategies will establish priorities and map proposals for specific actions to drive nature’s recovery and wider environmental benefits. Each LNRS will, for the area that it covers: agree priorities for nature’s recovery, map the most valuable existing habitat for nature, and map specific proposals for creating or improving habitat for nature and wider environmental goals. They will go down to the MLWM so will cover intertidal areas but not the marine space.
The government is putting in place a national framework to enable the preparation of LNRSs to commence across the country. This includes confirming strategy boundaries and formally agreeing the roles of the ‘responsible authority’ to lead in each area.
The strategies have been designed to work closely alongside other measures in the Act. They will, for example, support delivery of mandatory biodiversity net gain and provide a focus for a strengthened duty on all public authorities to conserve and enhance biodiversity. They will also underpin the Nature Recovery Network, alongside work to develop partnerships and to integrate nature into our incentives and land management activities.
Each strategy will, for the area that it covers:
Cornwall, Buckinghamshire, Greater Manchester, Northumberland and Cumbria local authorities were selected by the government in August 2020 to receive a share of £1 million of funding to set up ‘Local Nature Recovery Strategies’ (LNRS) pilot studies. A strategy has been published for Cornwall that looks at Marine Nature Recovery (MNR) – First steps towards MNR within Cornwall’s inshore seas.
The Hampshire Biodiversity Information Centre (HBIC) was contracted by Natural England in 2015 to produce a detailed Ecological Network Map for Hampshire on behalf of the Local Nature Partnership (LNP). A draft was produced in 2016 and has since been road tested and updated to reflect changes in site designations and habitat mapping over the intervening period.
The Wildlife Trusts have published a report that sets out what they believe a Nature Recovery Network should achieve.
The Hampshire and Isle of Wight Local Nature Partnership (LNP) was established in 2012 and is one of 48 strategic local nature partnerships formed in England following publication of the 2011 Natural Environment White Paper. LNPs operate at the county scale.
Its main focus is to:
In October, 2020 the South East Nature Partnerships adopted a series of principles (this will be reviewed as national guidance emerges). It makes the following statements regarding marine and coasts.
'The Natural Recovery Network for the South East will not be restricted to terrestrial habitats, but will also incorporate the many coastal habitats found along the shores of the region, many of which are increasingly fragmented and under threat. Whilst coastal squeeze may further threaten these habitats and constrain options for future habitat creation, much more can be done to identify how these habitats can be better protected, expanded and enhanced in the future. Thinking and policy on how to create a marine Nature Recovery Network is still evolving, but across the South East, the LNPs will work with marine conservation organisations to incorporate their ideas and ensure that the marine environment is reflected in the overall vision, mapping and design of Nature Recovery Networks across the South East'.